Joint Replacement Surgery - All About It


Minor or major injury, wear, and tear can have adverse effects on the body’s joints. It can further cause stiffness and pain that may make movement difficult. This can impact your quality of life to a great extent. When symptoms become severe and unbearable, the best option to restore mobility and relieve the pain is through Joint Replacement Surgery. Seeking expert help from an orthopedic surgeon to discuss the options for Joint Replacement Surgery is highly recommended.


Know the Anatomy

The body comprises different types of joints. A joint is formed when two or more bones connect. It comprises of connective tissues such as tendons, cartilage, and ligaments. For example, your knee is considered to be a hinge joint as it offers the ability to straighten and bend. The shoulder and hip bones are called ball-and-socket joints.


Causes of Joint Pain

Joint Pain is common among every age group. According to a study, about one-third of adults report having Joint Pain. Joint Pain or discomfort is majorly felt in the feet, knee, hands hips, or spine. Pain and discomfort are constant or come at intervals. Some individuals complain of throbbing or burning pain in the joint. Seek expert consultation from an Orthopedic surgeon in Dubai at PRIME if you experience pain or discomfort in the joints. 

Some of the common causes of chronic Joint Pain include:

  • Gout - It is a painful condition in which body crystals collect in the joints, causing severe pain and swelling. This is most common in the big toe.
  • Osteoarthritis - The most common type of arthritis, develops over time as the cartilage, also known as the protective cushion between the bones, wears away. The joints become swollen and painful. This develops gradually and usually appears in middle age.
  • Bursitis - This condition is often caused by its overuse and is found in the knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis - Is a chronic disease that causes pain and swelling in the joints. This condition causes deformity in the wrists and fingers. 
  • Tendinitis - An inflammation of tendons and is often seen in the heels, elbow, or shoulder. 
  • Other causes of Joint Pain are injuries like sprains or broken bones. Viral infection and fever are other causes that make movement painful.


Symptoms of Joint Pain

Symptoms of Joint Pain range from mild to severe and throbbing. Some of the common symptoms include:

  • Numbness
  • Swelling
  • Stiffness 
  • Painful movement
  • Noisy, grinding or snapping and clicking sounds 
  • Loss of motion


What is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Total Joint Replacement or Arthroplasty is a procedure involving the removal of a part of the entire damaged joint. It is further replaced with artificial implants. Joint Replacement Surgery or Arthroplasty Surgery helps in enhancing mobility and offers pain relief. The most common types of Joint Replacement Surgery are knee, hip, and shoulder. 


Types of Joint surgery/ replacement


Knee Replacement Surgery

Also popularly known as Knee Arthroplasty, this surgery helps in relieving pain and restoring function in the knee joints. Knee Replacement Surgery involves getting rid of a damaged bone and cartilage from the thighbone, kneecap, and shinbone and replacing it with an artificial joint. This is made up of high-grade plastics, metal alloys, and polymers. To ensure knee replacement surgery is perfect for you, a professional Knee Replacement Surgeon will determine it by assessing the range of motion of your knee, strength, and stability. 


Hip Replacement Surgery

Another common type of Joint Replacement Surgery is hip replacement surgery. Hip replacement surgery is a surgical procedure in which a hip replacement surgeon removes an arthritic hip joint and replaces it with an artificial joint made of plastic and metal components. Hip replacement surgery is often recommended when all the other treatments have failed. 


Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Shoulder Replacement Surgery is another common Joint Replacement Surgery that involves the removal of damaged bone areas and replacing them with metal and plastic implants. It is also known as Shoulder Arthroplasty. In a ball-and-socket joint, the upper arm bone's round head (ball) fits into a shallow socket in the shoulder. Damage to the shoulder joint can cause stiffness, pain, and weakness. 


When is Joint Surgery Replacement recommended?

Joint Replacement Surgery is recommended to relieve pain and enhance mobility. It is advised when exercise, physical therapy, walking aid, and medication does not help in relieving pain. Joint Replacement Surgery is recommended if the joint damage is caused due to injuries, joint wear, and osteoarthritis. 


Pre-Surgery Requisites

Before you get your Joint Replacement Surgery done, there are certain requisites to be followed. Your Joint Replacement Surgeon and surgical team will prepare you for this surgery weeks in advance. General health is checked, and certain tests need to be conducted to ensure you are an ideal candidate, this further helps in planning the surgery. This is also the time to seek answers in case of any queries regarding the surgery. Talk to your doctor and ask questions. You can prepare yourself by eating and exercising right.   


Surgical procedure

Joint Replacement Surgery may take a few hours, depending on the type of surgery you are going through. The surgery involves removing the damaged cartilage and bone from the joint and replacing them with prosthetic components made up of plastic, ceramic, or metal. 


Post-Surgery Requisites

A lot of patients who undergo Joint Replacement Surgery are discharged from the hospital after one to three days. Patients are advised to do some exercises that further help in their recovery process. Pain after the surgery is normal. Normal complications after the surgery include - blood clots, nerve injury, loosening and dislocation of the new joint, infections, and so on.


Importance of Physiotherapy After the Surgery

Once the surgery is done, it is highly recommended to do some exercises and physiotherapy. It plays an important role in the healing process. Your physiotherapist will be able to guide you regarding the exercises to strengthen the muscles and heal the replaced joint. 


Benefits of Joint Surgery

While there are countless benefits associated with Joint Replacement Surgery, the most vital ones are relief from Joint Pain and improved joint function. 


Why Choose Prime?

If you experience pain in your joints, look no further and seek expert advice from an Orthopedic surgeon in Dubai at PRIME Hospital. At PRIME Hospital, the main mission is to treat every patient with utmost care. The Department of Orthopedics is home to highly skilled surgeons. With years of experience and the use of the latest equipment and technology, they are trained to offer treatment to disorders of joints, bones, ligaments, muscles, tendons, skin, and nerves. Whether it is a sports-related injury such as Meniscus tear, ACL tear, or Elbow and Forearm injuries like Kienbock disease, Dupuytren's Disease, Hip & Knee injury, or Foot & Ankle injury, you can rely on the healthcare experts at PRIME.

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